The study of the ancient American horse and elephant points unavoidably to the North American setting for the Book of Mormon and adds strong supportive evidence that the Book of Mormon is true, contrary to the attacks of anti-Mormons who say the absence of the horse and elephant in ancient America discounts the Book Mormon’s divine authenticity.
It seems strange that so much controversy still exists over the existence of the horse and elephant in North Americas, for as far back as 1904, news to the contrary was published in Century Magazine. An elaborate article entitled, “The Evolution of the Horse in America, (a study of the Fossil Wonders of the West), written by Henry Fairfied Osborn, Professor of Zoology, Columbia University, and Curator of the American Museum of Natural History, who made it clear that both the elephant and horse existed in ancient North America.
The preglacial or earliest Pleistocene times in America, as in Europe, were of temporate climate. . . The country was covered from north to south with three noble species of elephants, namely, the Northern Mammoth, the Columbian Mammoth, and the Imperial Mammoth, or elephant of Texas; . . . The great number of our preglacial horses speak for favorable conditions, and constitute an additional proof of the American origin theory. (B. H. Roberts, New Witness for God, vol. III, pp. 537-8)
New York was obviously much colder during the last Ice Age, yet to the south of the ice front life was plentiful. New York geologists tell us that a huge variety of plants and animals continued to thrive there, many of which still exist today. Even so, a large number of the Pleistocene mammals did become extinct, including three species of the elephant family. The bones of the Mammoth and Mastodon have been found in several bogs and other sites in New York, as were the bones of the giant sloth, the horse, the giant beaver, peccary, musk-ox, caribou moose, deer, buffalo and others.
Yet, some obviously survived, for New York archaeologists assure us that the mastodon was definitely contemporaneous with man. In the southern states in particular, Clovis fluted projectile points have been discovered in indisputable association with the skeletal remains of such long extinct Pleistocene mammals as the Columbian Elephant, the horse, and the bison. Those who favor their extinction during the glacial period simply suggest that some must have migrated south where the weather was warmer and the overall conditions were more favorable. Yet, others have rightly argued, that the elephant survived several glacial periods, so why die out during the last one?
It has now been proven that various species around the world have survived similar cold temperature without becoming extinct. Thus, some modern researchers are now of the opinion that not even the horse went totally extinct and persisted until historic times. Such a reasonable reality check has now led some researchers to question whether it was the Ice Age that caused their extinction afterall, with some suggesting that a wide spread epidemic may have been responsible instead.
Watch the following video and see how many things correspond with the scriptures perfectly.